# Definition:Atlas

## Definition

Let $M$ be a topological space.

An **atlas of class $C^k$ and dimension $d$** on $M$ is a set of $d$-dimensional charts $\mathscr F = \family {\struct {U_\alpha, \phi_\alpha}: \alpha \in A}$ indexed by some set $A$ such that:

- $(1): \quad \displaystyle \bigcup_{\alpha \mathop \in A} U_\alpha = M$

- $(2): \quad$ Every two charts $\struct {U, \phi}$ and $\struct {V, \psi}$ are $C^k$-compatible.

### Smooth Atlas

A **smooth atlas** on $M$ is a $C^\infty$-atlas on $M$.

## Maximal Atlas

Let $A$ be a $d$-dimensional atlas of class $C^k$ of $M$.

### Definition 1

$A$ is a **maximal $C^k$-atlas** of dimension $d$ if and only if $A$ is not strictly contained in another $C^k$-atlas.

### Definition 2

$A$ is a **maximal $C^k$-atlas** if and only if $A$ contains all charts of $M$ that are $C^k$-compatible with $A$.

### Definition 3

$A$ is a **maximal $C^k$-atlas** if and only if $A$ is a maximal element of some differentiable structure, partially ordered by inclusion. That is, a maximal element of some equivalence class of the set of atlases of class $\mathcal C^k$ on $M$ under the equivalence relation of compatibility.

## Also known as

Some sources refer to an **atlas** as a **pre-differentiable structure**.

Some sources call a **pre-atlas** what on $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ is known as an **atlas**, and simply refer to a maximal atlas as an **atlas**.

## Also see

## Sources

- 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**atlas**