This crown is formed by the splash and droplets of a 2 mm drop of red dye impacting on a thin layer of milk.
A single droplet of red dye was released from a height above glass of milk and recorded with high-speed photography. The extremely fast sequence of events following the droplet impact strongly depends on the type of liquid, droplet size, impact velocity, and the substrate. For a substrate covered with a very thin layer of liquid the impact of a droplet results in an upward jet forming a crown – a crown splash. High-speed photography reveals crown formation with tips of entrained milk covering the rim of the coronet. The rim breaks up in a number of satellite droplets for the same reason that water from a faucet breaks up into a stream of droplets.
Many inkjet computer printers use this same phenomenon to produce high resolution photo prints. In the inkjet printing industry, better understanding of the formation of satellites following droplet impact can improve the printing quality.
This high-speed photograph was taken using a very short flash illumination and a digital camera.
Collaborators include: Wim van Hoeve, Tim Segers, Hans Kroes, Detlef Lohse, Michel Versluis of the Physics of Fluids Group, University of Twente, The Netherlands.
This image was shown at the 61st Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) November 23-25, 2008 in San Antonio, Texas.
Image Credit: Wim van Hoeve, University of Twente